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The PBscience team recently contributed to the book Performance Cycling: the Science of Success, edited by Dr James Hopker and Dr Simon Jobson. Dan and Helen co-authored a chapter entitled Training with heart rate and power while Helen also contributed a chapter on Coach-athlete relationships. If you want to learn more about the PBscience coaching philosophy this is a good place to start.

Helen Carter

Here is a list of Dr Helen Carter's publications from a career in research spanning over a decade. Helen's specialist area has been endurance physiology, with a special focus on the physiology of the training response and measurement of endurance fitness in cycling, running and rowing exercise.

Helen is still involved in research projects, and continues to hold a Senior Research position at the University of Brighton alongside running the PBscience cycle coaching consultancy.

Beale L, Silberbauer J, Guy L, Carter H, Doust J, Brickley G. (2010) Limitations to high intensity exercise prescription in chronic heart failure patients. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs.

Hopker J, Passfield L, Coleman D, Jobson S, Edwards L, Carter H. (2009) The effects of training on gross efficiency in cycling: a review. Int J Sports Med. 30(12):845-50.

Dekerle J, Williams C, McGawley K, Carter H.(2009). Critical power is not attained at the end of an isokinetic 90-second all-out test in children. J Sports Sci;27(4):379-85.

Williams CA, Dekerle J, McGawley K, Berthoin S, Carter H. (2008) Critical power in adolescent boys and girls--an exploratory study. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab;33(6):1105-11.

Ingham, S., Carter, H., Whyte, G.P., and Doust, J.H. (2008). Physiological and Performance effects of low versus mixed intensity rowing training. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 40(3).

Philp, A., Macdonald, A.L., H. Carter, Watt, P.L., & Pringle, J.S. (2008). Maximal Lactate Steady State as a Training Stimulus. Int J Sports Med., 29(6): 475-9.

Bosquet, L., Dupont, G., Duchene, A., Delhors, P.R., Leger, L., and Carter, H. (2008). A comparison of methods to determine maximal accumulated oxygen deficit in running. J Sports Sci., 26(6):663-70.

Bosquet, L., Dupont, G., Duchene, A., Leger, L., and Carter, H. VO2 kinetics during supramaximal exercise: relationship with oxygen deficit and 800 m running performance. Int J Sports Med, 28(6):518-24.

Ingham, S., Carter, H., Whyte, G., Doust, J. (2007). Comparison of the oxygen uptake kinetics of club and Olympic champion rowers. Med Sci Sports Exer, 39(5):865-71

Brickley G., Dekerle J., Hammond A., Pringle J. and Carter H. (2007) Physiological responses to 90s all-out isokinetic cycling. Int J Sports Med, 28(5):414-9.

Dekerle, J., Nesi, X., and Carter, H. (2006). The distance-time relationship over a century of running Olympic performances: A limit on the critical speed concept. J Sports Sci. 24(11):1213-21.

Carter, H., Pringle, J.S.M., Barstow, T., and Doust, J. (2006). Oxygen uptake kinetics during supra-max treadmill running in humans. Int J Sports Med, 27(2):149-57.

Carter, H., Dekerle, J. Brickley, G., and Williams, C.A. (2005). Physiological responses to 90 s all out isokinetic sprint cycling in boys and men. J Sports Sci Med, 4 (4) 437 - 445

Dekerle, J., Hammond, A. Brickley, G. and Pringle, J.S.M. Carter, H (2006). Validity of the 2-parameter model in estimating the anaerobic work capacity. Eur J Appl Physio. 96(3):257-64.

Dekerle, J., Hammond, A. Brickley, G. and Carter, H. (2006) Reproducibility of Variables derived from a 90s all-out effort, isokinetic cycling test. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 46(3):388-94.

Carter, H., Grice, Y., Dekerle, J., Brickley, G., Hammond, A.J.P. and Pringle, J.S.M. (2005) The effect of prior exercise above and below Critical Power on exercise to exhaustion. Med Sci Sport Exerc 37(5):775-81.

Jones, A.M. and Carter, H. (2004) Oxygen Uptake-Work Rate Relationship During two Consecutive Ramp Exercise Tests. Int J Sports Med, 25(6):415-20.

Carter, H., Pringle, J.S.M., Boobis, L., Jones, A.M., & Doust, J.H. (2004) Manipulation of muscle fibre recruitment by muscle glycogen depletion alters pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 36(6):965-72.

Pringle, J.S, Doust, J.H, Carter, H, Tolfrey, K, Campbell, I.T, Jones, A.M. (2003). Oxygen uptake kinetics during moderate, heavy and severe intensity 'sub-maximal' exercise in humans: the influence of muscle fibre type and capillarisation. Eur J Appl Physiol, 89(3 - 4):289-300.

Pringle, J.S., Doust J.H., Carter H, Tolfrey, K., and Jones, A.M. (2003) Effect of pedal rate on primary and slow-component oxygen uptake responses during heavy-cycle exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 94(4): 1501-1507.

Pringle, J.S., Carter, H., Doust, J.H., and Jones, A.M. (2002). Oxygen uptake kinetics during horizontal and uphill treadmill running in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 88: 163-9.

Carter, H., Jones, A.M., Maxwell, N.S., and Doust, J.H. (2002). The effect of interdian and diurnal variation on oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(11), 901-909.

Jones, A.M., Carter, H., Pringle, J.S.M., and Campbell, I. (2002). The effect of creatine supplementation on oxygen uptake kinetics during sub-maximal cycling exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 92 (6): 2571 – 2577.

Carter, H., Pringle, J.S.M., Jones, A.M., & Doust, J.H. (2002). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running across exercise intensity domains. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 86: 347-354.

Burnley, M., Doust, J.H., Carter, H., & Jones, A.M. (2001). Effects of prior heavy exercise and recovery duration on oxygen uptake kinetics in humans. Experimental Physiology, 86 (3): 417-425.

Williams, C.A., Carter, H., Jones, A.M., & Doust, J.H. (2001). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in boys and men. Journal of Applied Physiology, 90: 1770-1776.

Burnley, M., Jones, A.M., Carter, H., & Doust, J.H. (2000) Effects of prior heavy exercise on phase II pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics during heavy exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89: 1387-1396.

Carter, H., Jones, A.M., Doust, J.H. et al. (2000) Oxygen uptake kinetics in cycling and running: a comparison. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89: 899-907.

Carter, H., Jones, A.M., Doust, J.H. et al. (2000) The effect of endurance training on the VO2 slow component in running. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89: 1744-1752.

Jones, A.M., & Carter, H. (2000) The effect of endurance training on parameters of aerobic fitness. Sports Medicine, 29 (6): 373-386.

Carter, H., Jones, A.M. & Doust, J. (2000) Lactate, pyruvate and lactate/pyruvate ratio during the lactate minimum test. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18 (3): 213-225.

Carter, H., Jones, A.M., & Doust, J. (1999) The effect of 6 weeks endurance training on the lactate minimum speed. Journal of Sports Sciences 17 (12): 957-967.

Jones, A.M., Carter, H., & Doust, J. (1999) A disproportionate increase in VO2 coincident with lactate threshold during treadmill exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31 (9): 1299-1306.

Carter, H., Jones, A.M., & Doust, J. (1999) The effect of incremental test protocol on the lactate minimum speed. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(6): 837-945.